Introduction to Scientific Computation Using Python

by Arun Prasaad Gunasekaran

Video 3 : Primary Data Types in Python

Table of Contents

What is a data type?

Simply put, it is the nature of the information.

Primary Data Types

These are the primary data types available in python

i = 1 # Integer. Stores integers
r = 5.78 # Floats. Stores numbers with decimal parts.
c = 'h' # Characters. Stores single characters. It is a string in python!
s = 'Strings' # Strings. Stores a series of characters
l = True/False # Logical. Stores binary values
cm = 6.0+5.6j  # Complex. Stores complex values

String Data type

Strings are long chain of letters, numbers, symbols, and special characters. You can use both single and double quotes, but must end accordingly. Use slash to place quotes if needed.

In python, there is no equivalent for char type.

"Hello", 
'Hello', 
'My name is Arun', 
"I asked, 'what is for lunch?'"
'I exclaimed, "This tree is big!"'
"I used slash \" to type a double quote symbol"

Program to Test out different types of variables.

Code

a = 1.5     # Float/Real
print(a, id(a), type(a))
a = "hello" # String/Character
print(a, id(a), type(a))
a = 5       # Integer
print(a, id(a), type(a))
a = True    # Logical
print(a, id(a), type(a))
a = 6.0+7.8j    # Complex
print(a, id(a), type(a))
a = [7, 8.9, 10] # List
print(a, id(a), type(a))
a = (5.2, 4, 12) # Tuple
print(a, id(a), type(a))
a = {'v1': 6, 'v2' : 10} # Dictionary
print(a, id(a), type(a))
# Get the ASCII/unicode value of a character
print(ord('z'))
# Get the character for the ASCII/unicode
print(chr(98))
print(chr(32250))

Output

1.5 140048331680624 
hello 140048284573232 
5 140048501217856 
True 140048500811040 
(6+7.8j) 140048284294832 
[7, 8.9, 10] 140048284073544 
(5.2, 4, 12) 140048284133416 
{'v1': 6, 'v2': 10} 140048284066872 
122
b
緺

Some simple data-functions

  • id() : returns the memory location ID of the variable.
  • type() - returns the datatype of the variable.
  • ord() - returns the ASCII/Unicode value of the symbol.
  • chr() - returns the symbol of the ASCII/Unicode value.